Fuel Subsidies in Nigeria: A Massive $74.39 Billion Expenditure from 2005 to 2021

Explore the in-depth analysis of Nigeria’s massive $74.39 billion expenditure on fuel subsidies between 2005 and 2021, as reported by NEITI.

Learn about President Tinubu’s declaration on subsidy removal, the economic implications, NEITI’s recommendations, and the public response.

The Unveiling Report by NEITI

The Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) recently announced that Nigeria spent a whopping $74.39 billion on fuel subsidies from 2005 to 2021.

This revelation underlines the vast resources expended over the years on fuel subsidies, casting a glaring light on the immense financial burden that the subsidy regime has imposed on Nigeria’s economy.

Endorsing Subsidy Removal: A Welcome Declaration

President Bola Tinubu’s declaration on subsidy removal was met with applause by NEITI, signaling a significant policy shift.

With the mandate of promoting transparency in Nigeria’s extractive industries, NEITI urged the government to implement the findings and recommendations in their reports to address pressing issues in the oil, gas, and mining industries.

The Importance of Bold Steps

NEITI emphasised the necessity for bold initiatives to block financial leakages, increase revenues, and advance the ongoing reforms within the extractive industries.

Removing fuel subsidies, a move recommended by NEITI since 2006, would alleviate the financial pressure that has been restraining the growth of the Nigerian economy for years.

The Subsidy Saga: A Look into the Numbers

From 2005 to 2021, the country spent $74.39 billion, equivalent to N13.69 trillion on fuel subsidies.

A yearly breakdown shows how subsidy payments peaked in 2011 at $13.52 billion before experiencing a sharp decline from 2012 through 2015, hitting a low of $473 million in 2017.

However, the payments surged again in 2018 and 2021, rising to $3.88 billion and $3.58 billion, respectively.

The Staggering Comparison

The figures are even more staggering when compared to Nigeria’s budgets for crucial sectors. According to NEITI, the money spent on fuel subsidies from 2005 to 2021 equals the total budget for health, education, agriculture, and defence in the last five years.

This comparison underscores the significant resources that could have been channelled to other sectors had the subsidies been removed earlier.

The Funding Conundrum

NEITI expressed concerns that funding for these subsidies primarily relied on federation account funds, the Federal Government, and occasionally external borrowing.

This situation has had negative impacts on the government’s overall revenue profile, leading to poor development of the downstream sector, GDP decline, an increase in product theft and pipeline vandalism, environmental pollution, and foreign exchange pressure.

NEITI’s Recommendations for Subsidy Removal

NEITI proposed eight steps to manage subsidy removal effectively, including unveiling people-oriented welfare programmes to alleviate the burden on the poor and vulnerable.

It also highlighted the need for rehabilitating the nation’s four refineries and enforcing stringent sanctions for criminal activities in the sector.

Responding to Panic Buying After Subsidy Removal Announcement

Following the announcement by President Bola Tinubu that the subsidy has been removed, there was widespread panic buying.

However, the Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu Media Centre assured the public that the removal would not take immediate effect until the end of June.

Addressing the Subsidy Status Quo

Contrary to the public’s reaction, the media center clarified that President Tinubu’s statement that “subsidy is gone” was merely a communication of the existing situation.

Given that the previous administration’s budget for fuel subsidy was approved to last for only the first half of the year, it is expected that by the end of June, the Federal Government will be without funds to continue the subsidy regime, leading to its termination.


The revelation by NEITI that Nigeria spent $74.39 billion on fuel subsidies from 2005 to 2021 underscores the economic burden that the subsidy regime has imposed on the country.

While President Tinubu’s announcement of subsidy removal might have caused panic, it is a step towards implementing necessary reforms in the extractive industries.

The removal could redirect vast resources to critical sectors, potentially driving Nigeria’s growth and development.

The challenge, however, lies in managing the subsidy removal process to minimize negative impacts on the populace, especially the poor and vulnerable.


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