Canadian Government Update The IRPA Law | Check Now

Stay updated on the Canadian Government’s IRPA law modernization journey and its three pillars of change. Learn about immigration reforms, stakeholder engagement, and the latest amendments, shaping Canada’s welcoming and inclusive immigration system.

The Goal of Modernization

The Canadian government is embarking on a journey to modernize the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) in alignment with its overarching objectives.

The IRPA is the primary legislation that governs immigration in Canada.

This initiative, known as “An Immigration System for Canada’s Future,” represents a fresh approach to immigration.

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Reviewing the Immigration Legislation

As the initial step in implementing this new approach, the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has announced its intention to conduct a comprehensive review of the immigration legislation.

The Three Pillars of Change

The forthcoming modifications to the immigration system will be guided by this new approach and will aim to enhance processing and inclusivity.

The IRCC is working towards achieving these objectives through three key pillars:

  1. Creating a Welcoming Environment: One of the fundamental goals is to establish a more positive environment for newly arrived immigrants.
  2. Meeting Labor Market Needs: Facilitating immigration to meet the demands of the labor market is a vital aspect of the reform.
  3. Coordinated Planning: A comprehensive and well-coordinated step-by-step plan will be developed to streamline the immigration process.

IRPA – The Cornerstone of Canadian Immigration

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) serves as the cornerstone of Canada’s immigration framework.

It not only administers the entire immigration system but also provides the foundation for the functioning of the IRCC.

Welcoming Newcomers

Central to the immigration law reform concept is the provision of a warm welcome to newcomers. This core principle underscores the entire reform effort.

Adhering to Key Values

The department emphasizes that the changes to IRPA are in line with its mission to uphold values such as being current, efficient, reliable, authentic, fair, and timely in all its activities.

Legislative Authority

A significant portion of the IRCC’s policies, programs, and procedures are governed by IRPA, making it a pivotal piece of legislation.

Consequently, the IRCC will promptly initiate any necessary legal adjustments or reforms.

A Long-Awaited Review

It is noteworthy that IRPA has not undergone a comprehensive review since its initial drafting in 2002.

Given the considerable passage of time, such an examination is deemed both essential and timely.

Former Update to the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRPA)

The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRPA) represent a comprehensive set of laws that outline the responsibilities of the Immigration Minister in Canada.

It provides clear guidance on how these responsibilities should be executed.

The policy underscores the importance of periodically reviewing the IRPA to eliminate obstacles and facilitate the selection of suitable individuals for immigration to Canada.

Streamlining Immigration Routes

One notable impact of the IRPA is its simplification of the implementation of new immigration routes.

This includes the recent introduction of category-based selection draws within the Express Entry program.

A reevaluation of the IRPA enables the creation of specialized pathways for newly arrived immigrants possessing high-demand skills.

Shared Responsibility with Provinces and Territories

The IRPA also outlines procedures for federal and provincial governments to collaboratively manage immigration with shared responsibility.

Agreements have been reached between the federal government and provinces and territories, allowing provincial governments to play a role in selecting economic immigrants through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).

Nomination Allocation

Under this program, the federal government allocates a specific number of nominees for provincial positions.

The Immigration Minister must be informed of the annual number of foreign nationals applying for permanent residency in each class to determine the nominations allotted to each province.

Collaboration with provinces is essential to determine the overall allocation within Canada.

Stakeholder Engagement

To accomplish these goals, the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) must engage with the right stakeholders and partners.

Recognizing the economic and demographic needs of the region is crucial, and consultations with relevant parties are essential for informed decision-making.

The IRPA continually evolves to meet the changing immigration landscape and to ensure that Canada remains a welcoming destination for individuals seeking new opportunities and contributing to the country’s growth.

Preparing for the IRPA Review: Strengthening Stakeholder Engagement

As the impending review of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRPA) draws near, it becomes increasingly crucial to convene more meetings involving various stakeholders.

These meetings serve as a means for settlement services to gain a deeper understanding of the country’s capacity to welcome new immigrants.

A Holistic Approach to Immigration

The underlying objective of this new strategy is to adopt a comprehensive approach to immigration.

These discussions have a direct impact on immigration goals, particularly as they relate to the Immigration Levels Plan.

This plan outlines the targets that must be met to welcome a predetermined number of permanent residents over the next three years.

As per the law, the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is mandated to release the plan annually on November 1st, except during election years.

Immigration Levels Plan for 2024–2026

The most recent Immigration Levels Plan for 2024–2026 outlines that Canada will admit 485,000 new permanent residents in 2024 and 500,000 in each of the subsequent two years, 2025 and 2026.

This plan is based on forecasts that anticipate Canada’s economy to continue improving and stabilizing, as predicted by Marc Miller.

Enhancing Application Procedures

IRPA encompasses legislation related to the application process.

This aspect is worth highlighting as it can significantly impact the efficiency of meeting both current and future immigration demands.

By reviewing these procedures, the IRCC may find it easier to address the growing needs of immigrants.

Express Entry Draws: Adapting to Current Demand

Notably, changes have been made to the legislation, particularly regarding Express Entry Draws and category-based selection.

These changes have been implemented to align with the present levels of interest in immigrating to Canada.

It’s essential to acknowledge that these changes have occurred without an overall review of the IRPA.

As the review of IRPA approaches, Canada is positioning itself to continue its tradition of being a welcoming and inclusive nation, with a strong commitment to managing immigration effectively and in alignment with its economic and demographic needs.

Enhancements to IRPA: Express Entry and Human Capital Traits

In 2022, significant amendments were made to the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRPA), granting the Minister of Immigration expanded authority.

This authority allows the Minister to extend invitations to candidates within the Express Entry system who meet specific criteria based on newly defined categories of human capital traits.

These categories are designed to align with Canada’s economic goals and needs.

The identified categories are as follows:

  1. Healthcare: Candidates with expertise and qualifications in healthcare-related fields.
  2. STEM Professions: Those with skills and education in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.
  3. Trades: Individuals skilled in various trades and vocational occupations.
  4. Transport: Candidates with experience and qualifications in transportation-related professions.
  5. Agriculture and Agri-Food: Those involved in agriculture and agri-food industries.
  6. French-Language Proficiency: Candidates proficient in the French language, contributing to Canada’s bilingual identity.

These categories align with the overarching objective of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), which aims to enable Canada to maximize its economic benefits from immigration.

By selecting recent college graduates who possess skills in industries with high rates of unemployment, the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) may contribute to improving the nation’s economic landscape.

These amendments reflect Canada’s commitment to selecting immigrants who not only contribute to its workforce but also fill essential roles in various sectors, ensuring a strong and prosperous future for the country.

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